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Both–AndUnderstanding Apparent Contradictions in Christianity


Understanding Apparent Contradictions in Christianity

Ross Cunningham
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Is Christianity a circle that can’t be squared?

A visually engaging exploration of apparent contradictions within the Christian faith.
One of the significant challenges in the Christian faith is the number of apparent contradictions the Bible presents. These paradoxes and mysteries can be difficult to understand. In Both And, Ross Cunningham takes 23 pairs of seemingly contradictory truths to concisely and clearly reconcile how they can co–exist.

Offering a thorough introduction to the foundations of Christian theology, the book is divided into three main sections:


– apparent contradictions in the divine nature
– apparent contradictions in the experience of salvation
– apparent contradiction in the characteristics of being in Christ


Qualified by his background in creative design, Cunningham is well suited to the task of untangling and clarifying these paradoxical problems. By creating attractive graphic representations, he illustrates how seemingly contradictory truths can be held in dynamic tension.

“He helps us find equilibrium in areas where sometimes we can very easily lose our balance.” – Fergus Macdonald

“Intellectually satisfying and pastorally helpful.” – Gordon McConville



Ross Cunningham

About Ross Cunningham

Ross Cunningham studied Architecture at Nottingham University and has worked in the creative industry for over twenty years. He has worked primarily in London and across the UK, Russia and the Middle East. Ross recently returned to his native Northern Ireland with wife Emma and their three children. The family attend Belfast City Vineyard, where Ross serves as part of the leadership team.


  • Author: Ross Cunningham
  • Release Date: January 2021
  • Pages: 168
  • Format: Hardback 242 X 172
  • Dimensions: 242 X 172
  • ISBN: 9781527106376
  • Imprint: Christian Focus
  • Category: Ministry & Evangelism > Evangelism


… leads us with skilful poise on an exciting tightrope walk through twenty–three paradoxes of Christian theology and experience. He helps us find equilibrium in areas where sometimes we can very easily lose our balance.

Fergus Macdonald, Former Moderator of the Free Church of Scotland and General Secretary of the National Bible Society of Scotland

Both–And is clever, creative and clear.  What a great way to learn theology! I loved the format which avoids being gimmicky whilst at the same time clearly drawing attention to the truths it illustrates. Most Christians will benefit from reading Ross Cunningham’s wee book – and a lot of non–Christians too. Taste and see…

David Robertson, Well–known pastor and apologist
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